Saturday, June 18, 2011

Palestinian statehood

Palestinian statehood: Individual nations, not the U.N., will have the final say

[LA Times Blowback by Victor Kattan]

Victor Kattan, a policy advisor for Al Shabaka, the Palestinian Policy Network, responds to two June 13 Times Op-Ed articles on the role of the United Nations in determining Palestinian statehood. Kattan is the author of the book "From Coexistence to Conquest: International Law and the Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1891-1949." His blog is at

Thursday, June 16, 2011

Palestine ambassador Safieh discusses new book, prospects for peace

"It is not terrorism but the territorial appetite of Israel that is the obstacle to peace, and international observers admit it" Afif Safieh

Arab-Jewish dialogue: Is there a purpose?

"What is worth dialoguing about today, just as much as yesterday, is something that is very dear to Jewish communities – social justice and equality. There is no logical reason why dialogue groups should not be taking a side in the conflict in the Middle East, not the side of Palestinians or Israelis, per se, but the side of ending the 44 years of military occupation, finally letting Palestinian refugees return home, supporting both societies to respect the equal right of the “other,” and supporting the stopping of violence, all kinds of violence." Sam Bahour

Arab-Jewish dialogue: Is there a purpose?

Sam Bahour is a Palestinian-American business development consultant from Youngstown, Ohio living in the Palestinian City of Al-Bireh in the West Bank. He is co-author of HOMELAND: Oral Histories of Palestine and Palestinians(1994) and may be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Wednesday, June 15, 2011

Waiting Game By Meg Walsh for MIFTAH

In a small village near Hebron, I am invited to attend a wedding with my new friends, Amirah and her mother. Amirah is nine years old. She is quiet yet seems wise beyond her years— always aware of what is going on around her. At the wedding, the women pull me out of my seat and make me dance with them. I tell Amirah to dance with me but she is too shy. She just watches with a smile on her face. Candy is thrown into the air, and the boys are setting off fireworks; it is pure chaos in the streets. Wedding season has come to Palestine and many summer nights are spent in similar celebration. In the whirlwind of the past few days and countless conversations that I have had, my eyes are opened to the reality that amidst every joyous occasion that takes place here, there is often someone missing. Close to half of all Palestinian males, both in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, have spent time in prison.

Amirah’s father takes us home afterwards and all of us sit outside drinking tea as the night creeps up on us. I later learn that he was a political prisoner for close to 10 years, having been arrested during the first intifada. It was supposed to be a life sentence, but under the Wye River Memorandum of 1998, (an agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority) he was released along with a number of other prisoners. Amirah’s parents were not able to marry before his incarceration, and although she did not know whether he would ever be released, she chose to wait for him. They married after he was set free, and Amirah came into the world soon after. My mind drifts to the uncomfortable thought that the pure luck of his release in this unjust system is what led to her existence.

There is a quiet strength that I sense in Amirah, and I can tell she gets it from her mother. Palestinian women are forced to be strong, forced to carry on even when their brothers, sons, and husbands are taken away—a reality that too many of them have to face. Palestinian women are imprisoned as well, although to a lesser extent. There is a constant fear of being arrested here, for young and old alike. Amirah’s cousin was just released from jail and is now terrified to venture outside of his home.

As of April 2011, there were 5,604 Palestinian political prisoners being held. These include 217 child prisoners, 37 of whom are under 16.

Perhaps what makes this issue so shocking is the contrast that exists between the justice system regarding Palestinians and that regarding Israelis. Israeli settlers, who are responsible for many attacks on Palestinians, can only be arrested by Israeli police, not the military. They are then tried in civilian courts. However, most cases of settler violence in the West Bank do not even reach the court system. Under Israeli military rule, Palestinians can be arrested and kept indefinitely with no charges against them. If they are tried, it is in military court by judges who are officers in the Israeli army.

To make things worse, it is not unusual for family members to be barred from visiting their loved ones, especially those who are held within Israel. Imprisoning Palestinians in Israel violates Article 76 of the Fourth Geneva Convention which states that an occupying power must detain residents of occupied territory in prisons inside the territory. Since the family must travel into Israel, they must first obtain an often elusive permit from the Israeli authorities. Thus, in such circumstances where permits are denied, a life sentence essentially becomes a death sentence on a human level.

Since it is Friday night, Amirah’s mother gives her permission to sleep on the roof. She asks me to join her and we sleep out under the open Palestinian sky with the sound of celebrations still carrying on into the night. I am thankful that I got to meet her and her family, yet through their story, I cannot help but think of all the other Palestinians who were not so lucky, who are forever waiting for their loved ones to come home. Amirah is the face of innocence of all Palestinian children, born into this conflict and forced to live within a system that refuses to recognize the most basic human rights-- forced to live without their mothers, fathers, sisters, and brothers. When justice prevails, it will be the occupiers who find themselves in the defendant’s seat.

Meg Walsh is a Writer for the Media and Information Department at the Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy (MIFTAH). She can be contacted at

Palestinian children play at Shati refugee camp in Gaza City June 14, 2011. The Gaza Strip enters its fifth year of a full Israeli blockade by land, air and sea on Tuesday with unemployment at 45.2 percent, one of the highest rates in the world, a U.N. aid agency report said. REUTERS/Ismail Zaydah (GAZA - Tags: POLITICS SOCIETY)

A Palestinian boy carries a sack of food supplies at a United Nations food distribution Center at Shati refugee camp in Gaza City June 14, 2011. The Gaza Strip enters its fifth year of a full Israeli blockade by land, air and sea on Tuesday with unemployment at 45.2 percent, one of the highest rates in the world, a U.N. aid agency report said. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa (GAZA - Tags: POLITICS EMPLOYMENT BUSINESS)

A Beduin Palestinian boy walks in an area where about 10 tents were destroyed by the Israeli army in the in the West Bank village of Fasa'il in the Jordan Valley, Tuesday, June, 14, 2011. According to local residents the army destroyed the tents and displaced several dozen people because they lived in an area used for military purposes. (AP Photo/Mohammed Ballas)

Beduin Palestinians inspect their belongings in an area where about 10 tents were destroyed by the Israeli army in the in the West Bank village of Fasa'il in the Jordan Valley, Tuesday, June, 14, 2011. According to local residents the army destroyed the tents and displaced several dozen people because they lived in an area used for military purposes. (AP Photo/Mohammed Ballas)

Israeli border police and Palestinians run away from teargas fired by Israeli troops who were destroying a water reservoir used by Palestinian farmers in the West Bank city of Hebron, Tuesday, June 14, 2011. Witnesses said the reservoir was destroyed for lacking proper permits. (AP Photo/Nasser Shiyoukhi)

Israeli-operated heavy machinery destroy a water reservoir used by Palestinian farmers in the West Bank city of Hebron, Tuesday, June 14, 2011. Witnesses said the reservoir was destroyed for lacking proper permits. (AP Photo/Nasser Shiyoukhi)

- In this Friday, April 29, 2011 file photo, Egyptians wave Palestinian flags as they demonstrate in front of the Israeli embassy in Cairo, Egypt. Egypt's arrest of U.S.-born Israeli Ilan Grapel Sunday, June 12, 2011 on suspicion of spying for the Mossad is providing fodder for the Arab nation's military rulers to accuse outsiders of stirring post-revolutionary turmoil in the country.(AP Photo / Khalil Hamra, File)

Valley swing : Palestinian Bedouin children play as their parents shift through family's belongings after their shacks and tents were destroyed by Israeli army bulldozers in the village of Fasayel, in the Jordan Valley. (AFP/Saif Dahlah)

Palestinian women react to tear gas fired by Israeli soldiers during a demonstration against the expansion of nearby settlements at the West Bank village of Dier Qadis, near Ramallah, Wednesday, June 15, 2011. Top U.S. diplomats have returned to the Middle East for an unannounced visit to try to find a way to restart moribund Israeli-Palestinian peace talks, which collapsed last year and now face new challenges. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty)

Palestinian activists holds placards in front of a mural on the controversial Israeli barrier, depicting the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, during a protest marking the 44th anniversary of the 1967 Middle East war, at Qalandiya checkpoint, near the West Bank city of Ramallah June 5, 2011. Freedom, justice, dignity and equality are the demands of a new generation of Palestinians seeking to redefine their national struggle in a way that could threaten both Israel and their own leadership. The signs in Arabic, from L-R, read: I miss the streets of the old city of Jerusalem; We will not stop, we will not fear - either all or nothing; Wake up to a Palestine; A lot was lost, a little is left - we will return; The return is definitely possible; Netanyahu you coward, Jaffa and Haifa is ours. Picture taken June 5, 2011. To match Feature PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL/RIGHTS REUTERS/Darren Whiteside (WEST BANK - Tags: POLITICS CONFLICT)

Palestinian student Osama Al Othmani, drives a Formula 1-style racing made out of recycled parts during a test drive in Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, Wednesday, June 15, 2011. Eleven Palestinian students from UNRWA's Khan Younis Training Centre (KYTC) in Gaza created the car from scratch and decided to embark on the project as part of this years prestigious Formula Student competition, organised by the Institution for Mechanical Engineers. (AP Photo /Adel Hana)

Tuesday, June 14, 2011

Palestine Israel The Palestinian Narrative Part 1 of 4 06/13 by PeterHebert | Blog Talk Radio

Palestine Israel The Palestinian Narrative Part 1 of 4 06/13 by PeterHebert | Blog Talk Radio

Some Arab-Americans need more of the American

"...And there’s no doubt that my colleagues and I at American Task Force on Palestine have demonstrated that constructive, serious and purposeful engagement with the policy community on even that most difficult of issues, Palestine, can produce real, substantive input and results." Hussein Ibish

My letter to the LATimes RE Jonah Goldberg: Taken in by 'Gay Girl' The 'Gay Girl in Damascus' hoax is worse than a lie. It's propaganda.

RE: Jonah Goldberg: Taken in by 'Gay Girl' The 'Gay Girl in Damascus' hoax is worse than a lie. It's propaganda.,0,2835433.column

Dear Editor,

Foolishly, I too got taken in by the compassionate calls to care about Amina, who turned out to be nothing but a sock puppet for a misguided writer. HOWEVER I very much believe that Jonah Goldberg is totally in the wrong to use this well publicized blogsphere incident as an opportunity to do what he can to discredit and dismiss the Palestinian refugees very real right to return to original homes and lands. UN Resolution 194 from 1948 clearly affirming the Palestinian refugees inalienable right to return is not a figment of anyone's imagination- and the official photographic records and documents following the very real plight of the Palestinians for the past sixty some years are about very real oppressed, impoverished and displaced men, women and children.

Anne Selden Annab

The Golden Rule... Do unto others as you would have them do unto you

"Where, after all, do universal human rights begin?
In small places, close to home - so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world. Yet they are the world of the individual person; the neighborhood he lives in; the school or college he attends; the factory, farm, or office where he works. Such are the places where every man, woman, and child seeks equal justice, equal opportunity, equal dignity without discrimination. Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere. Without concerted citizen action to uphold them close to home, we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world."Eleanor Roosevelt

Palestinian refugees must be given the option to exercise their right of return (as well as receive compensation for their losses arising from their dispossession and displacement) though refugees may prefer other options such as: (i) resettlement in third countries, (ii) resettlement in a newly independent Palestine (even though they originate from that part of Palestine which became Israel) or (iii) normalization of their legal status in the host country where they currently reside. What is important is that individual refugees decide for themselves which option they prefer – a decision must not be imposed upon them.

UNWRA: Nearly surrounded by the Israeli Barrier, this small refugee community is finding it increasingly difficult to support itself, physically and economically. The effect is increased hardship and uncertainty for the people of Aida. Aida camp, near the West Bank town of Bethlehem was established in 1950 by refugees from the Jerusalem and Hebron areas. Today Aida hosts more than 4,700 people. The camp has not grown along with the refugee population, and is severely overcrowded.

Monday, June 13, 2011

Guardian: Bedouin children hope their West Bank school will be spared Israel's bulldozers

Nisreen, eight, and her sister Iman, six, in front of the Khan al-Ahmar primary school in the West Bank. Photograph: Harriet Sherwood

Each morning, they scrabble through a drainage pipe under a busy main road slicing through the unforgiving landscape between Jerusalem and Jericho, where hard-baked stony hills roll down to the Dead Sea.

At the end of the school day, they clamber back down to the drainage pipe to pass beneath the thundering traffic on their way home.

But, after today, the last school day in the academic year, the pupils of Khan al-Ahmar primary in the West Bank cannot be certain their school will still be standing come September.

Head teacher Hanan Awad fears that if the building is left empty, bulldozers will rumble up the hill from the main road ...READ MORE

Bethlehem resident in 30 year fight to defend land

Bethlehem resident in 30 year fight to defend land
Maher, on his land south of Bethlehem [MaanImages]
BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) -- Maher Mohammed Seb'a says he will stay on his land despite 30 years of harassment, intimidation and bribery by Israeli forces seeking to displace him.

On 2 June, Maher said he woke up to find more than 250 of his olive trees destroyed by settlers. He said he was shocked, but not surprised.

An area of agricultural land south of Al-Khader, the Bethlehem-area land knows as Khirbet A'liya abuts the Jewish-only settlement of Efrata. Built more than seven kilometers inside the West Bank, the illegal settlement has eaten more than 2,000 dunums of private Palestinian land, and thousands more of village lands.

The network of settler-only roads leading to the settlement, and the growing path of construction of Israel’s separation wall have further encroached on the area.

The settler bypass road that runs through Khirbet A'liya [MaanImages]
Maher Mohammed Seb'a, 48, has been at the forefront of resisting a campaign by settlers, the Israeli army, and Israeli courts to seize Khirbet A'liya and expand settler infrastructure.

His struggle began in 1982 when his house, built on land his father purchased in 1962, was confiscated by the Israeli army after members of the Palestinian resistance movement used it to fire at soldiers during the Second Intifada.

In 1998, the Israeli military built a base on part of his land. Through court action, Maher said, he managed to expel them in 2002 proving his ownership.

Despite the legal success, the years that followed saw repeated attacks on his property by settlers. In 2004, one such attack nearly resulted in his death when 30 armed settlers assaulted him and his nephew as they worked on the home. The Israeli military eventually intervened in the incident, but informed Maher that he was forbidden to return to the area because his safety could not be guaranteed, he recalls.

After being unable to visit Khirbet A'liya, Maher said he received a few years later, a claim from settler groups that they had a deed to the land.

Maher said he complained to the Civil Administration, but was told that since he had not been on the land in years, it had been declared 'absentee property.' It was registered under his father’s name, and his father had long since died.

In order to contest the claim, Maher said, he had to pay 80,000 shekels ($23,285) to transfer ownership to his name.

Now the official owner of the land, Maher said he was offered huge sums of money by the Civil Administration from their offices in the Etzion settlement bloc, to sell up. In addition to being offered over $30 million, he told Ma'an that his family was also offered Israeli passports. He said he declined all of the overtures.

Despite his refusal to sell the land, Maher said eight dunams were still confiscated, he said in order to build a street to connect to the nearby settlement of Efrata. He was then offered $250,000 to build a street which would pass directly through his land, but again refused the offer, he said.

In his most recent struggle in the Israeli courts, Maher managed to save part of his land from confiscation for construction of the separation wall. He said he is still awaiting a response to an amended plan for the route of the wall, which stopped west of Al-Khader.

He told Ma'an that the Bethlehem governorate had promised to pay him 68,000 shekels ($20,000) to provide his home with power and water, but that he has only received a cheque of 6,800 shekels to cover part of the cost.

“Over the years I could have become a rich man,” he said, adding that he preferred to join the many Palestinians who have remained steadfast in their refusal to be displaced.

Sunday, June 12, 2011

"Delegitimize Israel"... a poem by Anne Selden Annab

"Delegitimize Israel"

"Delegitimize Israel"
is a propaganda scam-
a scare tactic
and a distraction

and yet another way
to oppress, displace, silence
and destroy Palestinians.

A nation is a nation
from inside- not out

Its citizens are loyal
or not

Free and equal
or not

Inspired to care
or not

Flags flutter
laws are made
and then changed
with changing times

Families do what they can
to survive with what they have
and what they can understand...

Legitimize international law
and basic human rights

Legitimize justice- peace
and Palestine

Legitimize an actual end
to the cruelty and the hate created
by the Israel/Palestine conflict
with two fully sovereign
fully secular states
for everyone's sake
for every family
every home
every child

Legitimize justice- peace
and Palestine

poem copyright ©2011 Anne Selden Annab

Demolition watch: The Israeli practice of demolishing homes, basic infrastructure and sources of livelihoods continues to devastate Palestinians

Demolition watch

The Israeli practice of demolishing homes, basic infrastructure and sources of livelihoods continues to devastate Palestinian families and communities in East Jerusalem and the 60 per cent of the West Bank controlled by Israel, known as Area C.

Demolition = dispossession

Many of the people affected already live in poverty, and demolitions are a leading cause of their ongoing displacement and dispossession in the West Bank.

The impact of home demolitions on children can be particularly devastating. Many children affected by demolitions show signs of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety. Their academic achievement often suffers.

Demolitions also lead to a significant deterioration in living conditions. Families and communities face increased poverty and long-term instability, as well as limited access to basic services, such as education, health care, water and sanitation.

The permit predicament

In order to build homes in East Jerusalem and Area C, Palestinians must apply for a permit from the Israeli authorities, who control these areas. The vast majority of demolition orders are issued because a home or structure has been built without an Israeli permit.

Building without a permit means that the structure is considered “illegal” by Israeli authorities. Under the Israeli zoning policy, Palestinians can build in just 13 per cent of East Jerusalem and in just 1 per cent of Area C. In both cases these areas are already heavily built up.

Ultimately, the number of permits granted to Palestinians each year falls far below the demand. More than 94 per cent of all Palestinian permit applications have been rejected in recent years.

This means that when a family expands or a community wants to build infrastructure to meet its basic needs, the choice faced is between building without a permit, or not building at all. Many end up building to meet their immediate needs in the hope that they will be able to avoid demolition.

Sadly, the number of people affected by demolition continues to grow. The UN estimates that between 28 and 46 per cent of Palestinian homes could be at risk of demolition, leaving people living under a cloud of anxiety.

The stats

The table and graph below shows the number of people displaced and affected by demolitions in the West Bank and East Jerusalem since the start of 2011.

See a further breakdown of these statistics.

Number of displaced and affected Palestinians


Note: Displaced means people whose homes have been demolished. Affected is when a demolition has had an impact in other ways such as on people’s livelihoods or on basic services and utilities.

Protecting vulnerable refugees

In 2010, more than 10 per cent of people displaced by demolitions in East Jerusalem and Area C were refugees registered with UNRWA.

UNRWA seeks to protect refugees against infringements of their human rights, such as eviction, displacement, or restriction of movement. UNRWA monitors violations of international law and advocates for the protection of Palestine refugees’ rights. The Agency also provides emergency assistance to victims of house demolitions, evictions, and refugees whose property is damaged as a result of conflict.

The ask

Under international law, Israel must ensure that persons under its jurisdiction enjoy fulfilment of their human rights, including the right to housing, health, education, and water

UNRWA calls on Israel to respect its legal obligations.

The Importance of the Sea By Yasmeen J. El Khoudary , A Voice from Palestine

THIS WEEK IN PALESTINERiders on the storm. Photo by Emad Badwan.

The Importance of the Sea By Yasmeen J. El Khoudary

As young children, we all asked our parents or teachers why the sea looks blue when we look at it from a distance, but turns out to be colourless when we come near it.

We were all given the same scientific answer: Seawater is as colourless as the water we drink, but it reflects the colour of the sky, which is usually blue.

Regardless, we still developed a special relationship with the sea that grew with the years. This is particularly true with residents of coastal cities, who will tell you that even though they grow up and change over the years, just like their cities, the sea remains the same. It stands as a reminder of their childhood memories and is a calm resort of sanity for when one feels lost in the madness of the world.

Gaza is one of Palestine’s biggest and most beautiful coastal cities. Throughout the years, the Mediterranean Sea has given Gaza extra special geopolitical and economic privileges that have fortified its position and increased its international importance. Its ancient port city, Maiumas, gave it prominence in Palestine and across the region, such that many years ago, Gaza used to be one of the most active trade hubs around the Mediterranean. By geographic proximity, it was (and still is) the main city that connects Asia and Africa, the Levant to Egypt (the last city in the Levant on the way to Egypt and vice versa).

Gaza was also an old, well-established city that empires fought over for their security and well-being, and that grew in importance with the succession of civilisations. As a fortress of strength, it was able to repel foreign invaders and warriors. In ancient times as well as now, Gazan coins and jars could be found anywhere along the coasts of the Mediterranean. Throughout thousands of years of history, various peoples have inhabited this city and admired the beauty of its shores, just as we do today.

The inhabitants have changed, but the shores have not. How many seasons have these shores witnessed? How many years has the Palestinian coastline of Gaza City existed? I sit here thinking about all those who inhabited Gaza before we did, starting with the people of the early Bronze Age, through the Phoenicians, the Persians, and the Greeks, into the Hellenistic, Roman, and finally the Byzantine eras before the Muslim conquests reached Gaza, eventually leading to the Ottoman Empire and the present.

Thus we can safely assume that the sea knows all about the people of Gaza. It has witnessed their good times and bad, for thousands and thousands of years now. It has lived through these times with them and provided refuge during the most difficult times. The sea knows all about its people, the people of Gaza, and the people of Gaza trust the sea with that knowledge and entrust to it more knowledge every single day.

True, the sea is indeed colourless except when it reflects the blueness of the sky. However, it would be fair to say that Gaza’s sea reflects the emotions of its people. To someone who’s overridden with either sorrow or joy, the sea always seems to be on the same page. When a person is sad, the sea seems to be gloomy and quiet. When angry, its waves go crazy and it even sounds a bit scary. When happy, it shines like a field of pearls and reflects the most exquisite colours of the sun. The sea is our real big brother, with immediate reactions but no intentions but to listen to our secrets and keep them hidden forever.

It is a well-established fact that in Gaza, the sea has always been the only place where people can freely “breathe.” It’s one of the few places in Gaza where people can enjoy themselves, making it almost everybody’s favourite destination. For this and more, the sea is evident in everything that is Gaza: from souvenirs, books, and food, to music, art, and sports. The most beautiful ballads and traditional music brag about Gaza’s beautiful sea, or share their grief and sorrow with the sea (particularly songs related to the loss of Palestine and the Palestinian exodus). Perhaps unwillingly, the sea also brought us many misfortunes. Israeli warships used it to attack our city and us. One story in particular, that of Huda Ghalia, is worth telling. While Huda was enjoying a day on the beach with her family, she went to swim in the sea while the rest of her family stayed on the beach. Scary bombing-like sounds forced her out of the water. She ran towards her innocent family to find that an Israeli warship had killed all of them - for no reason - while she was swimming.

Still, people in Gaza look forward to summer every year. Not because they have exotic vacation plans but because summer means that they can enjoy the beach at their will, free of any obligations (usually school or university). Hundreds of summer camps for children and teenagers are set up across the beach and attract most of the city’s youngsters. Tens of restaurants and caf├ęs brag about their view of the sea and compete to offer the best view, food, and service. Visitors and residents alike get to savour Gaza’s Mediterranean seafood, which has a special taste during the summer.

Ask a photographer, a fisherman, or a chef, and they will all tell you that what’s even more beautiful than the sea are the fish that come out of it. True, Israel’s lack of humane and environmental consciousness has caused depletion in the fish supply and the purity of the water, but that, like everything else Israel attacks us with, doesn’t stop us. It doesn’t stop beautiful seashells and ancient pottery from swimming up to our shores either. Nor does it stop us from admiring the sunset, which leaves us with a new scene made up of different colours and shapes every day.

As the saying goes, “The darkest hour is just before the dawn.” Most of the people living in Gaza would tell you that they have been hearing that for as long as they can remember, and that their response has always been, “Can it get darker than this?!” Unfortunately, it always has. However, the sea teaches us not to lose hope. Every day we bid farewell to the sun as it departs our city with its beautiful light and shine, knowing that it’s only a matter of hours before it returns. This beautiful scene that repeats every single day in Gaza is one of the few things that keep us sane, because it reminds us that the darkest hour is indeed just before the dawn; we only have to catch a glimpse of blue when it’s time.

Yasmeen J. El Khoudary is a writer and researcher in Gaza, Palestine. You are invited to visit her blog, A Voice from Palestine (

Fishing boats in the harbour. Photo by Mutasem Ayyad.